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How to decrease disk space occupied by /var/lib/mysql ?

cesarsjcesarsj ContributorCurrent User Role Contributor
In /var/lib/mysql we have:

ibdata1 with 204M;
folder zabbix with 238G;

The Zabbix system offers the housekeeper feature, which removes old data according to the set times.

I recently activated housekeeper, and in zabbix_server.log I see thousands of logs being removed. But I don't see disk space being freed. Why?

The database server is: mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.0.38-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1;The tables are InnoDB engine.


  • cesarsjcesarsj Contributor Current User Role Contributor
    How would I optimize with the pt-online-schema-change command?
  • Rick JamesRick James Contributor Current User Role Novice
    Tablespaces do not give space back to the OS. Deleted rows simply leave free space in the tablespace.

    If the tables were generated while innodb_file_per_table was ON, then do SHOW TABLE STATUS to see which ones have more than a few MB of "Data_free". For those, do OPTIMIZE TABLE. (Start with the smallest).

    If all the tables were built with OFF, you are in a bad situation. The standard fix is to take a full dump, clear the disk (consider upgrading mysql at the same time), and reload everything. This time have innodb_file_per_table=ON before starting.
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